MECHANICAL THROMBECTOMY IN STROKE
When the brain is hungry of oxygen, cell, and tissue starts to damage in a matter of minutes. However it is possible to reverse the damage of the brain to some extent or in full, by mechanical thrombectomy. Put simply, mechanical thrombectomy used to treat brain stroke by dispelling the clot that causes the clogging of the arteries carrying blood to the brain.In clinical terms, mechanical thrombectomy provided to the patients suffering from acute ischemic stroke i.e. brain stroke patients whose brain lacking blood flow. This is natural because the blood vessels to the brain narrows down over time due to fats or plaque deposits. This is the reason patients with levels of cholesterol are suggested to get their screening done on a regular basis for clogs. The build-up, also known as clot, can block the blood vessels in part or in full, decreasing normal blood flow to a vessel or blocking flow of blood entirely. CT or MRI Imaging scans can help in estimating the blockage so that a physician can suggest whether the patient is able to use mechanical thrombectomy as a recourse for treatment. Mechanical thrombectomy has to be carried out within the golden period which is 6 hours from the last known normal cases in 24 hours. This process proposes stenting or re-opening and re-establishment of normal flow of blood through the cranial arteries.
Each side of your neck there are two large arteries called carotid arteries that supply your brain, neck and face with oxygen rich blood. Sometimes plaque builds up in the arteries, which results in a condition called carotid artery stenosis. Condition when the artery narrows down called stenosis, starts to restrict blood flow. Carotid artery stenting (CAS, also known as carotid artery angioplasty with stenting) is a minimally invasive treatment used to manage carotid artery stenosis effectively and prevent stroke. It’s a non-surgical treatment procedure in which catheters (thin hollow tubes) are used to place a stent (a metal mesh tube) in the problematic artery to assure the blood flow uniformly.
Endovascular coiling is a preventive procedure carried out to block blood flow through an aneurysm (a weakened area in the wall of an artery). Endovascular coiling is a minimally invasive procedure, which means there is no requirement of any incision in the skull to treat the brain aneurysm simply to reach the aneurysm in the brain we prefer to use a catheter. During endovascular coiling procedure, a catheter travels through the groin, directly into the artery holding the aneurysm. Platinum coils are then delivered. The coils influence clotting (embolization) of the aneurysm and, in a manner that prevents blood flowing from it.